Wednesday, September 2, 2020

The Current and Future Uses of Tidal Power in North America Essay

The Current and Future Uses of Tidal Power in North America - Essay Example Different records archives that Tidal force started from Europe and Atlantic shoreline of North American where tide plants were utilized to deliver power. The streaming water was put away in enormous lakes and the development of tides changed the waterwheels, which used mechanical vitality produced to for grain processing. The soonest tide factories happened during the Middle ages and during the Roman occasions and in the nineteenth century, the way toward using running water and turbine turning for power creation was presented in America and Europe, (Hardisty 52). During this period, the flowing factories were fundamentally used to great grains and had comparable plans with the customary water plants aside from the way that they didn't utilize repositories and dams. So also, the modern upheaval quickened power requests and flowing vitality couldn't satisfy the need; in this manner, the improvement of modest non-renewable energy sources and other force creation implies that gave acce ss to age of intensity supplanted flowing force. In this way, the current Tidal factories and other pre-mechanical water plants lost their incentive as force creation implies. ... Also, flowing vitality can be misused through turbines sinking to the floor of the ocean whereby quick moving water flows turn sharp edges of the generator as wind does to wind turbines. Flowing force is sustainable power source as the tides development is on an anticipated routine calendar dependent on the Sun, Moon, and Earth’s circle and can't be modest. Despite the fact that, flowing force is liberated from carbon, it isn't ecological secure on the grounds that worries over the shoreline wellbeing and amphibian condition ruins the spotless force source †more seasoned innovation of flowing blast can decimate oceanic life populaces. Generally, monstrous frameworks of blast won in the of flowing vitality venture. Be that as it may, in light of high apparent undesirable ecological and monetary difficulties with the flowing force innovation, examinations concerning the flowing force field had a move from frameworks of torrent to flowing turbines current in the ongoing year s. This advanced innovation has less natural difficulties than the flowing floods in light of the fact that the turbines on the seaward water ebb and flow cuts the need of building water repositories for catching tides along ecological fragile coastlines. In spite of the fact that, outfitting tidally drive flows of the waterfront waters can't item as much force as the torrent style types of gear, the innovation despite everything has some desire for the North Americans. This is on the grounds that the innovation is quickly creating and developing with different test ventures building up everywhere throughout the world. For example, the innovation is advancing in different countries, for example, Canada, France, Europe, and the whole United States. North America currently claims and works its own Annapolis flowing vitality venture that gives vitality to different purposes. For example, power from the flowing

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Comprehensive HR Report Strategic Human Resource Management

Question: You are to compose a thorough HR report to the Group CEO of your organization, itemizing the above human capital issues, strategies and practices as of now being utilized in your association or another association you know about. You need to basically audit current practices and methodologies and afterward propose and suggest the essential HR systems, strategies projects and practices to be executed for the organization covering those territories. Answer: Presentation Dealing with the workers in an association is as troublesome as dealing with the contenders present in the outer market (Bratton and Gold 2012). It is the obligation of the association and the senior administration to manage the issues of the association and consider the government assistance of the workers (Buller and McEvoy 2012). It has been seen that out of the whole populace that is searching for an occupation in Malaysia, 53 percent of the populace is doing as such regarding accomplishing better compensation in the following association ( 2016). As per the study introduced in, it has been discovered that regardless of whether the representatives are very much settled in a vocation, 48% out of them are prepared to find out about a new position opening on the off chance that they are being required any proposition for employment. Individuals frequently search for change with the expectation of improving compensation and motivating forces and to encounter new difficulties. While a few people in Malaysia, are searching for a change as they are not happy with the way of life and style of the executives common in their momentum association, conversely others feel that there is an absence of progress, advancement and preparing inside their association that is causing their stagnation. Additionally, a few representatives are likewise of the assessment that there is a nonattendance of work life balance and are worried about professional stability. The current report will investigate the human asset the board rehearses and related issues of Fraser Neave Holdings Bhd situated in Malaysia. The referenced association is renowned for its food and refreshments business and has been remembered for the Bursa Malaysias Main Board ( 2016). The association has been working in areas like Brunei, Indochina, Malaysia, and Thailand. The organization has had the option to spread its business in forty nations and has been the best organization in Malaysia. It has in excess of 3000 workers and has seen recorded among the top alumni bosses in Malaysia. David Chalmers Neave and John Fraser established it in the year 1883. Presently, it has its yearly turnover of RM4 billion. The report will assess the issues of progress the board, persuasive issues, administration styles and the multifaceted issues predominant in the association. All the above-expressed issues have been influencing the representatives in the association and consequently, they can't perform well in the association. The report will be introduced to the CEO of the association, so the issues as for the representatives might be comprehended and essential advances could be taken. The proposals are introduced for the CEO to assist him with choosing the most ideal strategy to fathom the issues. The accompanying segment presents a portion of the issues that had been distinguished at Fraser Neave Holdings Bhd are: The issues in Fraser Neave Holdings Bhd because of hierarchical changes Issues with recruiting process Fraser Neave Holdings Bhd has encountered some hierarchical changes with the advancement of the association. During development of the organization in the worldwide market, new representatives are required for the organization to upgrade efficiency of the organization. The employing procedure that has been mulled over is the outer recruiting process. Therefore, there was turmoil among the representatives in the association. The current workers in the association don't care for the change. This is a result of the accompanying two reasons. Right off the bat, they are against the way that a portion of the outer representatives have been selected in the association instead of interior advancements (Hendry 2012). Besides, they are not prepared to work with the competitors of worldwide beginning because of social dissimilarities (Jiang et al. 2012). Also, the old workers in the association were searching for advancements when they caught wind of the new places that had been proclaimed in t he associations. The complaint of the current representatives is that they lack the chance of advancements, where as the new workers have been selected in the senior post. Accordingly, they see less chance of vocation development in the association. Accordingly, the pace of work turnover has been high in this organization for not many years. Expanding work turnover negatively affects the organization as far as both productivity and notoriety. At the point when the workers can't get the ideal job and acknowledgment, they begin considering leaving the association and discover openings in some other association (Budhwar and Debrah 2013). Market data proposes that practically 30% of the individuals who are searching for an occupation in Malaysia are for the most part searching for the activity since they are not getting legitimate advancements in the organization where they are working. Issues with advertise arranged authoritative culture To remain ahead in the opposition, Fraser Neave Holdings Bhd took the assistance of market-arranged hierarchical culture. The market-arranged authoritative culture helped the association acquire outer presentation, and the supervisors had the option to concentrate on the outside issues (Budhwar and Debrah 2013). The attention available arranged authoritative culture helped the supervisors to get power over the market, in this manner accomplishing a steady situation in the outer market. The association felt that once fresh recruits were selected the association would have the option to work adequately. Because of the market-arranged culture, the interior dependability has gotten powerless for the association. It continuously disposed of the term development from the organization. The representatives couldn't recommend anything new in the association as they lost the opportunity to act (Ulrich 2013). The primary maxim behind market-situated hierarchical culture is to take care of business and this was not demonstrating productive for the association. The more established representatives who were anxious to give new thoughts couldn't fuse new thoughts and they felt disappointed working in the organization. Inevitably, the representative turnover rate expanded. Absence of inspiration Due to having various human asset the executives issues in Fraser Neave Holdings Bhd, the workers have been de roused because of a few components. The primary purpose for absence of inspiration in Fraser Neave Holdings Bhd is the nonattendance of legitimate advantages and rewards being granted to the workers of the association. They felt demotivated, as they are not getting the best possible acknowledgment in the association. The representatives were continually working in dread of being rebuffed by the senior administration because of training of totalitarian initiative style in the administration. Consequently, absence of inspiration was answerable for diminished efficiency of the workers (Marler and Fisher 2013). Administration issue The current act of the dictatorial administration in Fraser Neave Holdings Bhd irritates the social issue in the start. It has been as of now referenced that the representatives are working under the exacting oversight, and thus it tends to be gathered that they were following a particular sort of authority that isn't appropriate for the association (Hendry 2012). There is a need to change the administration styles also. The association had been following the value-based initiative style. Social issues The organization has been confronting some social issues for quite a long while. Diverse part of the association has workers from various foundation and societies. Social distinction exists because of contrasts in language, religion and ethnic practices. It has been seen that a significant number of the current representatives have been hesitant to acknowledge new workers with various social foundation. Such social practices impact the authoritative conduct among the colleagues (Marler and Fisher 2013). It decreases the extent of joint effort. Accordingly, the disappointment among the workers of Fraser Neave Holdings Bhd has been expanded. Additionally, co-appointment among the representatives improves the exhibition of the colleague through sharing thoughts and information. This co-appointment has been seen to be missing among the representatives of Fraser Neave Holdings Bhd. Current changes in the human asset strategy and practices in the association Strategies with respect to arranging, preparing and ability maintenance Fraser Neave Holdings Bhd has taken various strategies to address the above-talked about issues. The organization presently offers need to the reinforcing human asset and expands abilities among the workers. As the organization had issue with respect to initiative, the more significant position authority has modified the hierarchical structure and enrollment strategy for the administration position (Ulrich 2013). Under the corporate human asset the executives procedure, this organization has actualized absolute execution the board framework. The three primary significant parts of Training Performance Management System are execution evaluation and preparing of the representatives, execution appraisal and progression arranging. This inception has been taken to enable the representatives to upgrade their activity expertise. Improved expertise expands work fulfillment and inspires the representatives to connect with themselves more in the work power. A broad human asset arranging framework has been consolidated in the association on the recommendation of the expert. The working hour has gotten progressively adaptable when contrasted with the what it was previously. For viable HR the board framework, preparing is required for each person over the hierarchical progressive system The Company compose a FN Group Management Development Program for development of HRM framework. Fraser Neave Holdings Bhd offers need to the home-developed pioneers

Basketball Game - Descriptive free essay sample

Game Day Game Day had shown up for the two opponent ball groups; the Eagles and the Tigers. The noisy and enthusiastic fans had been hanging tight in line for quite a long time out in the freezing chilly climate. As the warm ups began the players were getting anxious. The two groups needed the state title exceptionally terrible and they were Just hours from winning it. Many long stretches of difficult molding and firmly dominated ball matches had all come down to this one game. The arbitrator tossed the completely round orange elastic ball noticeable all around for the tip off and the game started. The two groups came out forcefully. The empowering brightens from the siphoned up fans were truly driving the two groups to give it their everything. The engaging game was in a dead heat the whole path through. No one could tell which group had the edge. Everything came down to the last seconds of the game. We will compose a custom exposition test on Ball Game Descriptive or then again any comparable point explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page The scoreboard indicated that the Eagles were down 73 to 74. The headliner took the ball inside against the greatest player on the Tigers. He was fouled hard and tumbled down onto the hardwood floor. The mentors and fans were angered that it was not called a specialized foul. The headliner was at the dark painted free toss line with the possibility to dominate the match. He shot the ball and made the principal free toss Just like he had done commonly previously. The opportunity arrived for the subsequent free toss and there was a colossal quiet in the apprehensive group. He shot the ball and it was noticeable all around for what appeared to be a lifetime. It shook around the orange edge and afterward experienced the white roped net. The Eagles had won the state title!

Friday, August 21, 2020

William H. Gates III essays

William H. Entryways III papers This paper will concentrate on the life and profession of Bill Gates for an english report. This life story will be divvied up into 5 segments: Introduction, Early Life Accomplishments, Later Life, and Conclusion. Bill Gates is the most extravagant man on earth and is the administrator, CEO, and boss programming modeler of the Microsoft Corporation. He has additionally composed two books named Business @ the Speed of Thought and The Road Ahead. I have picked this individual chiefly for the accompanying three reasons: 1. To perceive how Bill Gates resembles me 2. How he gazed Microsoft with Paul Allen 3. Since I additionally like PCs like him. Bill Gates was conceived on October 28, 1955 in Seattle, Washington, which currently is the home of the Microsoft Corporation. His family was wealthy when it came to cash. William H. Doors II his dad was a Seattle lawyer. His mom the late Mary Gates was an instructor, chief of the First Interstate Bank, a University of Washington official, and executive of United Way International. He had two sisters, a more established sister named Katherine and a more youthful sister named Libby. Bill Gates was hitched to Melinda French on January 1, 1994. They have two kids: a little girl, Jennifer Katharine Gates who was conceived in 1996 and a child, Rory John Gates who was conceived in 1999. At the point when Gates was youthful he went to state funded schools, however his folks at that point sent him to Lakeside Middle School, which is a tuition based school. At that point he went to Harvard University, which was the place he met Paul Allen, the prime supporter of Microsoft. Like we all Bill ha s pastimes too he gets a kick out of the chance to program PCs, tennis, golf, playing scaffold, and perusing. Bill Gates is known all around the globe for his organization. He has made Microsoft one of the universes most impressive innovation organizations. While making this organization he has made billions of dollars for himself. This is the reason he generally got such a lot of money flow and turned into the universes most youthful extremely rich person around the age of 30 years ol ... <!

Communication in the Virtual Workplace

Wal-Mart is number one in the Retail Giant Corporation across United States of America, and is the main retail location in fifteen different nations. Wal-Mart keeps on looking for new and advanced approaches to arrive at its clients every day. The store accepts its prosperity has been base upon its clients and having the option to contact them with the new innovations of this Modern Age. The rush of the web shopping has open simply one more entryway for client that can't get out and shop are that are simply excessively occupied. Wal-Mart’s site is the Wal-Mart store yet virtual and the site too has lower costs that fits everyone’s financial plan. Wal-Mart has the trademark of moving back costs with Smiley the Happy Face. The Wal-Mart witticism is to set aside cash and live better. The site conveys a preferred position over the store on the grounds that an individual of all ages can explore the site. Each client can do their one-prevent shopping from home, work or any place there is a PC, and get free conveyance to the closest store, let’s contrast that with Target. Impression of Wal-Mart Image and Values: Wal-Mart’s site is an incredible reflection on the company’s brand picture. The store is a one-stop shop store and the organization has planned the site as an immediate copy of the store. In the store the client can really observe a thing not at all like the site where the client needs to depend on an image of the thing. The site additionally conveys a bit of leeway over the store in light of the fact that a client can do their one-prevent shopping from home, work or any place there is a PC, which is simple shopping during the Christmas season. The site is commendable on the organization in light of the fact that the site permits the client to perceive what is available either on the web or at a store close to the client. Wal-Mart’s site offers their clients free delivery from site to a store close to the client dissimilar to Target’s where the client need to burn through $50 to get free transportation. Route, Visitor Friendly: The site is as simple to explore as a kid figuring out how to talk. The client can discover each office online as in the store. Wal-Mart’s center originated from its organizer Sam Walton who was modest and centered around lower costs all over the place and regular. Mr. Walton made lower costs regular his maxim and that have been Wal-Mart’s message since 1962 and it is that very message that offers even low pay families a chance to shop in the store and now on the web. Modern Information: The Wal-Mart website page is present and stayed up with the latest with what is happening in stores around the nation. The Wal-Mart witticism is â€Å"Save Money, Live Better†, (Wal-Mart, 2007). A client can use Wal-Mart’s site furthering their potential benefit by getting preferred arrangements over the store. While breaking down the site there was one thing that stood apart this was toys and computer games. Wal-Mart knows the enthusiasm of its clients and sees some parent visits the stores and the site essentially on account of he need of new computer games and toys. So Wal-Mart stresses computer games and different toys on its site to draw in youngsters whom will caution the guardians about new things. Wal-Mart at that point works the other edge and takes into account the guardians with things of intrigue. Perhaps the best element about Wal-Mart’s site is the assistance connect it offers. The assist connect with willing stay on the website page paying little heed to what page the client is and it help the client at whenever. Assessment of the realistic components: The assessment of the realistic components of the Wal-Mart site is incredible. It is very attractive for the clients like me who don't prefer to peruse. The picture’s Wal-Mart has takes you to anything you desire to investigate purchasing. The site is planned successfully in light of the fact that it helps the customer with buying the things. At the point when a 72† plasma screen is all brilliant and taking a gander at you at a decent cost you should simply enter your charge card number, address, and get your affirmation number and inside four to about a month and a half you will have an extraordinary conveyance. At that point you don't need to stress over leaving the solace of your home and discovering somebody to help you with the heaviness of a 72† plasma TV. There are a lot of various connects to assist you with making your last buy and furthermore they are in the correct spots at the ideal time. There is additionally a 1-800 phone number at the base of a portion of the connections to likewise assist you with your buy on the off chance that you get somewhat confounded or in the event that you buy an excessive amount of when the all out comes up and you may need to evacuate a few things. Despite the fact that the utilization of shading and the interactive media is all through the site, I don't trust it is excessively. The shading draws in the clients who guarantee they are simply looking and pulls them in to be ordinary clients on the web. Things about the site: Wal-Mart’s motto is, â€Å"In all that we do, we’re driven by a typical strategic; that is to set aside individuals cash, so they can live better† (Wal-Mart, NA). That trademark is one of the numerous reasons why clients need to remain, as opposed to proceed onward to another site. There are a few reasons why clients are steadfast and remain with Wal-Mart, for example, the straight forward realities that the client could get news refreshes about Wal-Mart, the client could download music, gift vouchers, and a ton more. The client can get to corporate data on Wal-Mart, business openings, stock data, and the historical backdrop of Wal-Mart on the site. To look for a quality items requiring little to no effort, shop on Wal-Mart’s site! What draws the consideration of the client to the site the first run through will permit the client to come back to the site a lot more occasions. â€Å"SAVE MONEY, LIVE BETTER† (Wal-Mart, NA).

Thursday, July 2, 2020

Linking Adverse Childhood Experiences - Free Essay Example

Abstract   I am interested in studying the ways in which adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) effect adult intimate relationships in women. My research will focus primarily on the victim of ACEs and not the perpetrators. To better understand this research question, I must provide a clear definition of trauma. I will be using ACES (adverse childhood experiences) to describe traumatic experiences. An ACE in exposure to any of the following prior to the age of eighteen. Namely, recurrent physical abuse; recurrent emotional abuse; sexual abuse; physical neglect; emotional neglect; alcoholic or drug abuser present; an incarcerated family member; a chronically depressed individual in the household; an individual who is institutionalized or suicidal; violence between adults at home; parental separation or divorce. I propose to study the impact of these adverse childhood experiences. More specifically, regarding intimacy and relationships for the abused as they progress as adults. My study will rely on preexisting research as well as self-report surveys where individuals reveal the presence of a childhood experience that would be regarded as traumatic by the ACEs standard. My research will be conducted in a qualitative participatory social justice format. I will validate my findings by insuring that all my articles are peer reviewed and abide by ethical standards. This research presents a necessity for heightened sensitivity considering this is a very touchy subject and sometimes emotional for an individual to disclose. Certain issues regarding ethical standards must be addressed. I will commit to disclosing the purpose of the study to all participants, and I will not pressure participants into signing consent forms. I will be sure to avoid deceiving or exploiting participants and avoid collecting harmful information. There is substantial research that exist which analyzes the effects of ACEs, however, my research will investigate how these traumatic experiences impact adult sexual behavior specifically. I will simultaneously examine intimate relationships overall. I am seeking to determine whether there is correlation between ACEs and asexuality in adults. I am also seeking to determine if childhood trauma can cause nymphomania. I will begin by defining my terms. Adverse childhood experiences is defined by Service Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration (SAMHSA) as being stressful or traumatic events, including abuse and neglect. They may also include household dysfunction such as witnessing domestic violence or growing up with family members who have substance use disorders. ACEs are strongly related to the development and prevalence of a wide range of health problems throughout a persons lifespan, including those associated with substance misuse. ACEs include: Physical abuse; Sexual abuse; Emotional abuse; Physical neglect; Emotional neglect; Intimate partner violence; Mother treated violently; Substance misuse within household; Household mental illness; Parental separation or divorce; Incarcerated household member (Samhsa 2018). Intimacy is defined as being associated in close personal relations, showing a close union or very private and closely personal. A relationship is defined as being a connection, association or involvement. For my research I am defining an intimate relationship as being one that is a closely personal involvement between two individuals. Asexuality is defined as being independent of sexual processes, especially not involving the union of male and female germ cells and free from sexual desires or sexuality. Scherrer (2008) examined asexual identity, which works across two axes. The first axis of asexuality concerns sexual desire: at one end is its non-presence, such as in those who simply define as asexual or even sex-repulsed. At the other end are groups such as those identifying as grey-a, who exist in the grey area between asexuality and other sexual identities, as well as demisexuals, who feel sexual desire under certain circumstances, such as when a relationship develops. The second axis concerns romantic attraction. I intend to uncover a link between this sexuality type and ACEs. It is important to note that through my research I have discovered that proponents of asexuality vehemently deny a link between their current sexuality and the presence of ACEs. I do however intend to look more closely to determine if these links do in fact exist despite adamant denial from certain asexual individuals. I want to inquire about the passionate response to deny this assertion. Nymphomania is defined as being an abnormally excessive and uncontrollable sexual desire in women. In the 19th century nymphomania was recognized as a disease with organic symptoms and causes according the article referenced by Gronnen, 1994. This article does not list these causes of nymphomania and I will attempt to uncover these causes in my research and determine if ACEs is a cause for nymphomania. Women who have experienced ACEs have reported risky sexual behaviors, including early intercourse, having had 30 or more sexual partners, and perceiving themselves to be at risk for HIV/AIDS. Sexual minorities who experience ACEs also demonstrate earlier sexual debut according to a 2015 study (SAMHSA 2018). Inadequate research exist that investigate sexual well-being of sexual minority women in a dating relationship who experiences sexual abuse. Most research examines experiencing child sexual abuse (CSA) and then experiencing Adolescent and adult sexual victimization (AASV). CSA can cause negative health outcome in women. Women who experience CSA are at more risk of victimization. This causal relationship may increase the negative psychological and sexual sequelae of CSA (Crump, 2017). Women who have experienced both childhood and adulthood sexual assault report more sexual anxiety and difficulty experiencing orgasm. Compared to women who experienced trauma only as an adult. Lemieux and Byers found that CSA and adult sexual assault (ASA), had negative effects on sexual well-being but made no contribution to revictimization. On average, sexual minority women with and without a history of CSA or SA describe sex as being a positive experience. Sexual minority women (SMW) who experienced CSA that involved penetration or attempted penetration, report poorer sexual well-being in the following areas. Lower sexual desire, lower sexual satisfaction, and more frequent negative automatic thoughts. This is 3 out of 7 independent variables in this research and it indicates that CSA affects some but not all aspects of sexual well-being. Research found that fondling had no effect on sexual well-being (Crump, 2017) 67% of SMW with a history of CSA had also experienced AASV. CSA results in greater exposure to social and individual factors that increase a womens risk for AASV such as, substance abuse problems and insecure attachment. SMW may have difficulty leaving unhealthy situations or even identifying them in the first place. Many men and women are victims of childhood trauma. I am curious as to what impact this has on these individuals when they become adults. Some questions that I will answer through my research include: Do these experiences had adverse effects on people as adults? Are those who experience childhood trauma likely to inflict trauma upon a child? Is there intergenerational continuity in adverse childhood experiences? How did this experience influence quality of life? Answering these questions will be meaningful for the individuals being studied because it will help them understand themselves more and potentially provide an explanation for certain circumstances. In what ways does trauma during childhood impact an individuals intimacy as an adult? To properly address this research topic, I must first study the prevalence of childhood trauma. 45% of children in the United States experience one ACE. 1 in 10 children experience 3 or more ACEs and in most regions the prevalence of ACEs is higher in black and Hispanic populations nationwide (Child Trends 2018). 61% of black non-Hispanic children have experienced one ACE compared to 40% white non-Hispanic children and 23% Asian non-Hispanic children. Asians have the lowest rate of ACEs nationally. Research has found that the highest risk for negative outcomes are consistent in those who have experiences multiple ACEs. Some studies suggest that the experience of four or more ACES is a threshold above which there is a particularly higher risk of negative physical and mental health outcomes (Felitti et al, 1998). Economic hardship is the most common adverse childhood experience which is reported for 25 to 26 percent of children regardless of age. Divorce is the second-most-common ACE experienced by children in each age group. About equal numbers of children ages birth to five have lived with someone who has an alcohol or drug problem, or have lived with someone with mental illness. Living with someone with an alcohol or drug-use problem is reported among 12 percent of 6- to 11-year-olds and 15 percent of 12- to 17-year-olds. One in seven 12- to 17-year-olds (14 percent) was the victim of, or witness to, neighborhood violence. According to the Crimes against Children Research Center. 1 in 5 girls are victims of childhood sexual abuse (CSA). 20% of adult females recall an instance of CSA. Children are most vulnerable to experience CSA between the ages of 7-13. A Bureau of Justice Statistics report shows 1.6 % (sixteen out of one thousand) of children between the ages of 12-17 were victims of rape/sexual assault (Lalor 2010). The consequences of sexual abuse are devastating. A child who is the victim of prolonged sexual abuse usually develops low self-esteem, a feeling of worthlessness and an abnormal or distorted view of sex. The child may become withdrawn and mistrustful of adults, and can become suicidal (Lalor 2010). My research is intended to focus on what is considered to be an abnormal or distorted view of sex. In majority of cases where there is credible evidence that a child has been penetrated, only between 5 and 15% of those children will have genital injuries consistent with sexual abuse (Lalor 2010). Children who had an experience of rape or attempted rape in their adolescent years were 13.7 times more likely to experience rape or attempted rape in their first year of college (Lalor 2010). This statistic supports the assertion that childhood sexual trauma is connected to traumatic experiences later in life. Studies suggest that sexual abuse of children is an international problem (Finkelhor 1994). It is important to note that America is not the only country that is faced with this issue and this shows that this is a nationwide issue which should illicit a nationwide plan of action to combat. Child sexual abuse (CSA) includes a broad range of behaviors, which can be perpetrated across a broad range of intra familial and extra familial relationships, and there is considerable variability in the duration and frequency of the abuse (Paine Hansen, 2002). The longer the abuse occurs, the more detrimental the impact on these children. The more brutal the abuse is, the more the child will suffer in the long run. Findings are consistent in indicating that the presence of ACEs can have devastating consequences on children as they progress into adulthood. Instances vary depending on societal circumstances whether a child is at risk for experiencing ACEs. Worldwide recognition of child abuse dates back to the 1960s with the coining on the phrase battered child syndrome. This came about because of the widespread prevalence of unexplained bruises and broken bones on children in hospitals. In the 70s and 80s there was substantial development in the literature surrounding preventative methods for these situations. Childhood sexual abuse has the greatest impact on sexual behavior patterns in adulthood compared to all other forms of abuse. Several sociological theories examine patterns of behavior related to adverse childhood experiences. A question that is not often addressed in the research is on implications that these experiences have are sexual and intimate relationships and how they may impact sexual behavior patterns as adults. Attachment theory discusses a persons ability to form attachments and the ways that this is influenced by an individuals socialization as a child. Developed by Bowlby in 1973, attachment theory contributes that kids develop behavior patterns based on the relationship they have with a primary care giver. Infants form attachment that makes a child feel safe, secure and protected (Grady 2017). The quality of this relationship based of infant needs and caregiver responsiveness. Depending on the relationship models by the caregiver, the child will look for similar attachments in future relationships. Three organized patterns and one unorganized pattern of caregiving. One is secure attachments and the rest are insecure attachments. Children develop attachment security when they view caregivers as empathetic and they receive the attention that they need on a consistent basis. This is organized because the child knows what to expect. These secure attachments are necessary for emotional development and these people retain stable views of relationships and quality level of self-esteem. Insecure attachment has 3 categories. Anxious, avoidant, and disorganized (Grady, 2017). Children develop insecurities when they are neglected, abused. Insecurely attached people view intimate relationships as threatening and make efforts to avoid feelings of vulnerability. Kids who develop anxiety have likely experienced an upbringing with caregivers who are unpredictable. Individuals who experience a disorganized upbringing have had a primary caregiver who is frightening, and the child is unsure how to respond. These kids do not fall into one behavior pattern therefore are labeled disorganized. People who experience insecure attachments are more likely that kids with secure upbringing to experience challenges emotionally, behaviorally and in intimate relationships. There are several theories linking ACEs and adult behavior patterns. A study conducted by CDCP and Kaiser Permanente shows that child maltreatment and household disfunction were common and these factors led to a series of health and social problems (Fetlitti et al, 1998). Study supports that this encourages high risk behavior as coping mechanisms. Negative consequences are amplified when the trauma is not validated by the victim and family and these consequences decrease when the victim and family acknowledge the trauma. There is research which supports that children who experience ACEs will not have negative outcomes. There is extensive research on the concept of resilience which is positive adjustment. This can be influenced by extracurricular activities and achedemic achievements. Some children show a strong ability to adapt to adversity. Early family bonding reduces chances of committing violent crime (Werner 1993). Resilience is conceptualized as the focus on positive outcomes during youth. Peer relationships are important in adolescent development specifically when young people begin to spend more time with peers than family. Peer are social influences and can provide support. It is said that these relationships can increase self-esteem and help adolescent develop necessary coping skills. Research suggest that strong peer relationship have a more positive affect on youth from lower functioning families. At time these relationships act as substitutes for that social support. School completion is linked to better quality of life. School engagement is shown to be connected to perceived importance of school. Feeling close to school may result in more positive school behaviors (Finn 1993). School disengagement is associated with dropping out. References Cormier, L. A., OSullivan, L. F. (2018). Anti-climactic: Investigating how late adolescents perceive and deal with orgasm difficulty in the context of their intimate relationships. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 27(2), 111â€Å"122. Crump, Lyndsay, and E. Sandra Byers. 2017. Sexual Well-Being of Sexual Minority Women in Dating Relationships Who Have Experienced Childhood Sexual Abuse and/or Adolescent and Adult Sexual Victimization. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality 26 (2): 163â€Å"73 Felitti, V.J., Anda, R.F., Nordenberg, D., Williamson, D.F., Spitz, A.M., Edwards, V., Koss, M. P. (1998) Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in adults: The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study. American journal of Preventive Medicine 14(4), 245-258. Finkelhor, D. (1994). The international epidemiology of child sexual abuse. Child Abuse Neglect, 18, 5, 409-417. Finn, J. D. (1993). School engagement and students at risk. Washington DC: National Center for Education Statistics. Grady, M. D., Levenson, J. S., Bolder, T. (2017). Linking Adverse Childhood Effects and Attachment: A Theory of Etiology for Sexual Offending. Trauma, Violence Abuse, 18(4), 433-444 Lalor, K., McElvaney, R. (2010). Child Sexual Abuse, Links to Later Sexual Exploitation/High-Risk Sexual Behavior, and Prevention/Treatment Programs. Trauma, Violence Abuse, 11(4), 159â€Å"177. Moses, J., Villodas, M. (2017). The Potential Protective Role of Peer Relationships on School Engagement in At-Risk Adolescents. Journal of Youth Adolescence Paine, M.L. Hansen, D.J. (2002). Factors influencing children to self-disclose sexual abuse. Clinical Psychology Review, 22, 271-295 Scherrer, K., (2008), ?Coming to an asexual identity: negotiating identity, negotiating desire, Sexualities, 11 (5): 621â€Å"641. Werner, E. E. (1993). Risk, resilience, and recovery: Perspectives from the Kauai longitudinal study. Development and Psychopathology, 5(4), 503â€Å"515.

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Scholarship Essay Examples - How To Find Free Scholarship Essay Examples Online

Scholarship Essay Examples - How To Find Free Scholarship Essay Examples OnlineIf you are looking for scholarships and grants, you may find them in your local library or online. You can find short essays that are written in a certain manner to get you accepted.Writing an essay is very different from writing a book. Instead of a book, you are writing an essay that is to be given to a potential student. Not everyone who reads it will actually apply to a college or university. They will likely submit the essay to the teacher for consideration.The great thing about writing essays is that you don't have to create something that is worth reading and evaluating. You can keep this essay on the topic that you have chosen and leave out things that may be of little importance to someone.When you are writing the essay, it is important to make sure that it will be easy to understand. That's why you want to choose a topic that is interesting and will encourage readers to continue reading.Make sure that the essay will be easy to read. Even if the person has a difficult time reading it, he or she can still find something to remember if they keep going through the piece and reading it.Another thing to consider when looking for scholarship and grants is how many sources you will have to use. Make sure that you will have a way to obtain information that is accurate and up to date.If you are a good writer, you may also be able to include details of the financial need that you have. That will allow you to qualify for a scholarship that does not require the recipient to bring a list of financial needs.